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Can Sadurni Cave. Help us continuing 35 years of research

The site of Can Sadurní is a reference for the Prehistory of Catalonia. The archaeologists who participate in the excavations are volunteers. The present situation limitates public subventions and forces us to search new ways of funding in order to continue. Do you want to take part in the project?

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On 1978 a group of researchers lead by Manel Edo, M. Josefa Villalba and Anna Blasco located Can Sadurní cave in Montau mountains (Begues, Baix Llobregat, Spain).

That was the onset of the current research group known by the name of CIPAG (Col•lectiu per a la Investigació de la Prehistòria i l’Arqueologia de Garraf-Ordal). Several field seasons have been undertaken since then, always connected to research projects linked to the University of Barcelona. The actual project is called “La Prehistòria al sud-est del Llobregat, de la costa al massís de Garraf-Ordal” (Prehistory in the SE of the Llobregat River, from the coast to the Garraf-Ordal Massif).

These campaigns uncovered a site of exceptional characteristics, both because of its dimensions and because of the quality and richness in the archaeological materials.

For the last 4 years, and under the direction of Manel Edo and Ferran Antolín, a series of projects funded from public administrations (Ajuntament de Begues, Generalitat de Catalunya and Diputació de Barcelona) have taken place in order to adequate the site to its opening to the public while the research continues.


View of Begues Valley from the plateau in front the cave

CAN SADURNÍ CAVE

The cave is located on the north-western extreme of the Garraf Massif (its highest part). The valley of Begues, where the cave is located, is a real crossroad ever since Antiquity. This gave a priviledged position to the cave.


West side of the plateau of the site. Detail of the fallen pieces of the roof of the cave

The site consists of an external plateau and a cave of natural origin (karstic). The entrance of the cave is oriented towards the south and it is of more than 10 metres wide. This resulted in excelent conditions for living.


Stairs to access the cave.

DIFFERENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CAN SADURNÍ CAVE

• With 27 stratigraphic layers and more than 4 metres of depth excavated, it is to date the most complete archaeological stratigraphy of the Recent Prehistory of Catalonia.

• 28 historical episodes took place, which resulted in a very detailed recording of the human history in Begues valley and, by extension, in the Baix Llobregat area during the last 12.000 years.

• The 4 layers corresponding to the Epipaleolithic (10000 – 6000 BC), excavated in a sondage (4x1m) reveal that there is more than 1 metre of depth of archaeological deposits from this period. These layers could have more than 200 m2 of surface, for which this could be the best stratigraphic series for this period in Eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.

• The 13 layers (and 9 episodes) identified for the Neolithic period (5500-2500 BC), and especially the stratigraphic series corresponding to the Early Neolithic, are the best and most complete stratigraphy of the Western Mediterranean (Peninsula Ibèrica, France and Northern Italy).


Recording of the data with a total station during field work.

• There is no other cave site in the Iberian Peninsula which has five different burial episodes, four of which are from the Neolithic period (Early Neolithic, Middle Neolithic, Late Neolithic and Bell-Beaker Culture) and one (an episode of incineration) from the Late Bronze Age.

• The burial episode of the Early Cardial Neolithic (5400 aC) is the only necropolis of inhumation that is known in the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula for this period.

• The ancient DNA analyses that were carried out, identified 7 different individuals. Some of them presented haplotypes which could be typical of the Near East, for which their presence in the Iberian Peninsula would support diffusionist theories which defend that farming practices spread together with people.

• Several evidences of the process of elaboration and consumption of beer weree found durin the early middle Neolithic at the cave (around 4300 BC). These are, to date, the oldest evidences of beer production in Europe.

• During the last field season (2012), the oldest human figurine on pottery was identified in layer 11, which corresponds to the early Middle Neolithic (around 4500 BC). The figurine was rapidly known as L’encantat de Begues (the Enchanted of Begues).


The Enchanted of Begues. The oldest human representation on pottery in the Iberian Peninsula. The prestigious magazine National Geographic considered it as one of the 12 most important discoveries of 2012.

• The recovery of all the tools and elements of the chaîne opératoire of variscite bead production with an earlier chronology than that observed in the nearby variscite mines of Can Tintorer (around 4500 BC), confirms that mining activities were started by the populations who were dwelling in the area. They would be responsible for the first trade networks of this mineral.

THE PROJECT

The field campaing of 2013 will take place between the 20th of July and the 4th of August.

The aim is to proceed to the excavation of layer 11, dated to the early middle Neolithic (between 4600-4200 BC). Two different settelement phases seem to take place in this layer. During the oldest one, the cave is used to as a byre, while during the youngest one, a burial episode was documented.
At a more concrete scale, it is hoped that new fragments of the figurine of “the Enchanted of Begues” are found during this field season.


Excavation works in extension, with a grid square of 1 metre of side.

WHAT WE WILL DO WITH YOUR CONTRIBUTIONS

Even though the excavation is supposed to be funded by the Archaeology Service of the Generalitat de Catalunya, the actual facts are that we are still waiting for 80% of the amount of the funding for 2010, 100% for 2011 and 80% for 2012. Therefore, members of CIPAG have been putting their own money to finance the excavation during the last two years. We have reached a critical situation where we cannot continue funding scientific research only with our savings. The budget for the fieldwork in 2013 is of 3.500 €, which will exclusively be used to pay for three meals a day for 30 archaeologists during 16 days (10€/day per person) and the diverse expenses that the micro-funding campaign involves (for example, the posting of books and cds).

For this reason we request your solidarity with the project and hope that with the sum of your donations we obtain the minimum quantity which is necessary in order to conduct the excavation for this year. Paralelly, the project includes the possibility of opening the doors of the site to all the collaborators who involve themselves in its funding, according to their different degrees of participation (see rewards).

This project is aimed to everyone interested in history and archaeology and who wants to participate in a unique experience in an exceptional environment provided by the archaeological site of Can Sadurní Cave.

You will find more information on CIPAG’s website and the blog site of the International Workcamp “Archaeology in Garraf”.

SCHEDULE FOR THE EXECUTION

If we receive the proposed amount, the excavation campaign will take place between the 20th of July and the 4th of August 2013.

Some rewards can be delivered right after the payment is carried out. Others, like those involving participation or visits to the site during fieldwork, will have to take place between the 20th of july and the 4th of august of 2013. Those which involve a tour to other caves in the area, the visit of the site after fieldwork and the special recordings on CD of the excavation, will be formalized during september.

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8 comments

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  • No hi hauria cap problema. El meu correu és cipagmedo@gmail.com . Si et plau et poses en contacte amb mí (Manuel Edo) al telefon 606 805 537.
    M'hauries d'indicar si sou una escola, un casal d'estiu...El preu es de 4 € per nen.

  • Lumi Corripio

    Lumi Corripio

    over 5 years

    Es podria fer una visita guiada amb 20 nens de 10 anys el dia 1 de juliol? . Gràcies

  • Podeu venir dues persones, cap problema.

  • Jaume

    Jaume

    over 6 years

    A la visita del mes de setembre, hi poden anar dues persones? O han de contribuir totes dues?

  • Hola, Lluís
    La veritat, no sé a que et refereixes quan parles del valor de les suposades tombes del paleolític mitjà. No ho conec ni en soc especialista. El que s´çi que et puc dir és que ens hem "currat" tota la imaginària neolítica del moment de l'Encantat a tota Europa i que l'Encantat respon perfectament al context europeu. Necessites que ens mullem? Bé, personalment creiem que hi ha suficients arguments, a nivell europeu, com per va pensar que l'Encantat és un més dels ídols neolítics que l'Europa Neolítia produeix.

    Podem buscar-li altres definicions alternatives (bàsicament la seva atribució com a joguina, un nino/a), però si és acceptat universalment que es tracta d'ídols, de representacions de la diviniotat, perquè el de Begues ha de ser diferent? Tampoc hi ha cap prova de que sigui diferent. No sé si sóc o no clar...

    El tema val la discusió...

  • Lluís Bermudo

    Lluís Bermudo

    over 6 years

    Veureu al meu perfil que segueixo a en Rob Gargett, en la mesura en què discuteix el valor de les suposades tombes del paleo. mitjà. En aquesta línia us pregunto: teniu, o en téalgú, interpretacions alternatives a l'"encantat"? Salut i endavant!

  • Si entres a la pàgina web de verkami (http://www.verkami.com/projects/5913-cova-de-can-sadurni-ajuda-ns-a-continuar-35-anys-de-recerca) veuràs la manera d'aportar. En la carta que t'he enviat avui tens el link. Pots triar l'aportació, la tries. Un cop triada et demana que et registris i et demana el núm de targeta de credit. Sols ho cobra quan s'ha arribat a la xifra objectiu de la campanya. Si la teva cosina va dir-me que volia participar, però tu podries reenviar la meva carta a tota la teva família i amics...

  • Pilar Rispa

    Pilar Rispa

    over 6 years

    Manel, Hola!! He rebut la info de els micromesenatges. Pèro no trovo una plataforma bancaria a on pugem fer la nostra aportació per Can Sadurní. T'enviaré la direcció de Mail de la meva cusina Nuria. segur que també hi participa. Molts petons Pilar

#06 / ¡Mil gracias de corazón!

Queridos amigos y amigas ¡Entre todos lo hemos conseguido!

¡Hemos alcanzado el objetivo de recaudar 3.500 € para sufragar los gastos mínimos de la excavación!

Cuando parece que nada sale como querías, que bajo el argumento de la crisis se pone freno a muchos proyectos y que no podemos hacer nada para impedirlo, que todo está hecho un desastre, que casi es mejor no abrir el periódico, que... ¡Se demuestra que en la unión está la fuerza! Nosotros, las personas que cada día nos levantamos bien temprano, estamos consiguiendo mantener con mucha dignidad la cultura de este país, y del otro y del de más allá. Somos nosotros los que tenemos en nuestras manos la cultura de este mundo. La desmesurada capacidad de reacción de las personas que se han interesado por este proyecto nos lo demuestra. Habéis puesto dinero, lo habéis… read more

#05 / Mil gràcies de tot cor!

Estimats amics i amigues, entre tots ho hem aconseguit!
Hem assolit l'objectiu de recaptar 3.500 € per cobrir les despeses mínimes de l'excavació!
Quan sembla que res surt com volies, que sota l'argument de la crisi es posa fre a molts projectes i que no podem fer-hi res, que tot està fet un desastre, que quasi és millor no obrir el diari, que... Es demostra que en la unió està la força! Nosaltres, les persones que cada dia ens llevem ben d'hora, ben d'hora, estem aconseguint mantenir amb molta dignitat la cultura d'aquest país, i de l'altre i del de més enllà. Som nosaltres els qui tenim a les nostres mans la cultura d'aquest món. La desmesurada capacitat de reacció de les persones que s'han interessat per aquest projecte ens ho demostra. Heu posat diners, n'heu fet difusió, ens seguiu a… read more

#04 / Estamos a punto de conseguir el OBJETIVO!! ... QUE PASARÁ A PARTIR DE AHORA?

A raiz del comentario que suscitó ayer nuestro mecenas Franz Bayer, nos hemos decidido a publicar estas entradas en el blog, cuando menos en dos idiomas catalán y castellano.

Estamos a punto de llegar a los 3.500€ que era el objetivo para poder, en las mínimas condiciones, llevar a término la campaña de excavaciones de 2013. Tal y como hemos ido explicando este dinero, junto a las pequeñas aportaciones del Ayuntamiento de Begues (1.200€) y del Centre d'Estudis Begfuetans (600€) y una vez deducidos los gastos que la propia campaña de micromecenazgo conlleva (aproximadamente unos 750 €) conforman una cifra aproximada a los 4.500€, que se destinarán directamente a cubrir la manutención de las 37 personas que intervendrán en la excavación de este año (la media diària es de 30 personas, con un gasto diario de 10€ por persona, que como se puede ver és un gasto ínfimo, ya que supone desayuno, comida i cena.

read more

#03 / Som a punt d'aconseguir l'OBJECTIU!!!... QUÈ PASSARÀ A PARTIR D'ARA?

Estem a punt d'arribar als 3.500€ que era l'objectiu fixat per a poder dur a terme, en les més mínimes condicions, la campanya d'excavacions de 2013. Tal i com hem anat explicant aquests diners, junt amb les petites aportacions de l'Ajuntament de Begues (1.200€) i del Centre d'estudis Beguetans (600€), tretes les despeses que la pròpia campanya de micromecenatge comporta (aproximadament 750 €) conformen una xifra aproximada a l'entorn dels 4.500 €, que aniran directament a cobrir la manutenció de les 37 persones que intervindran en l'excvació d'enguany (la mitjana diària és de 30 persones, amb una despesa de 10 € diaris per persona, que com veieu és una despesa ínfima ja que suposa esmorzar, dinar i sopar).

En el moment en el que arribem als 3.500€, es posarà en marxa tot el dispositiu… read more

#02 / Nous Tipus d'Aportació per a Mecenes

Donat l'èxit que les aportacions de 50 i 100 € han obtingut entre els nostres mecenes i donat que les haviem limitat a un nombre concret de mecenes, i ja hem arribat a aquest nombre, hem obert dues noves possibilitats (51 i 101 €) amb les mateixes recompenses que les aportacions de 50 i 100 €. A l'espera que això permeti arribar el més ràpidament possible a l'Objectiu proposat repetim el nostre agraïment més sincer a tots vosaltres.

L'equip de CIPAG

#01 / IDENTIFICACIÓ DE MECENES

Bon dia a tots els nostres mecenes,
Buenos días a todos nuestros mecenas,

Ja que el nom d'usuari, que és el que ens arriba a CIPAG com a identificació del mecenes, no és prou clar, no coneixem exactament qui són els nostres mecenes i, conseqüentment, si no els identifiquem difícilment podrem fer entrega de les recompenses.
Per tant us proposem que després de fer l'aportació ens envieu un correu electrònic a l'adreça cipagmedo@gmail.com identificant el vostre nom d'usuari amb la persona i el seu correu.

Ya que el nombre de usuario, que es lo que nos llega a CIPAG como identificación del mecenas, no es lo bastante claro, no conocemos vuestra identIdad y, en consecuencia, dificilmente podremos hacer entrega de las recompensas.
Por lo tanto os proponemos que después de hacer la aportación enviéis un correo a cipagmedo@gmail.com identificando vuestro nombre de usuario con la persona y su correo.

Moltes gràcies a tothom!
Muchas gracias a todas y a todos!

10€
20 backers

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ guided tour at the site next september, after the archaeological campaign of this year

20€
24 backers

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ guided tour at the site next september, after the archaeological campaign of this year
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign

30€
18 backers

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ Digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ Guided tour at the site next september, after the archaeological campaign of this year
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign
+ Guided tour for two people to the site during the excavation

51€
7 backers

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign
+ guided tour for two people to the site during the excavation
+ guided tour to the site next september, after the excavation
+ visit to the laboratory where all the archaeological materials are being analysed
+ special T-shirt of the site
+ catalog of the exposition La prehistòria de Garraf. Recull de 30 anys d'excavacions arqueològiques

101€
0 backers

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign
+ guided tour for two people to the site during the excavation
+ guided tour to the site next september, after the excavation
+ visit to the laboratory where all the archaeological materials are being analysed
+ special T-shirt of the site
+ catalog of the exposition La prehistòria de Garraf. Recull de 30 anys d'excavacions arqueològiques
+ Guided tour to the caves of Begues: can Sadurní cave, Salt cave, can Figueres cave

250€
7 left (of 8)

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ Digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ Guided tour at the site next september, after the archaeological campaign of this year
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign
+ special T-shirt of the site
+ catalog of the exposition "La prehistòria de Garraf. Recull de 30 anys d'excavacions arqueològiques"
+ Guided tour for two people to the site during the excavation
+ visit to the laboratory where all the archaeological materials are being analysed
+Guided tour to the caves of Begues: can Sadurní cave, Salt cave, can Figueres cave
+ Book of proceedings of the conference Actes de les Jornades Internacionals de Prehistòria "El Garraf, 30 anys d'investigació arqueològica
+ collaboration with the team of archaeologists during the excavation in the morning and the labwork session in the afternoon, during one day and for two people

50€
20 patrons (sold out)

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ Digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ Guided tour at the site next september, after the archaeological campaign of this year
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign
+ special T-shirt of the site
+ catalog of the exposition "La prehistòria de Garraf. Recull de 30 anys d'excavacions arqueològiques"
+ Guided tour for two people to the site during the excavation

100€
10 patrons (sold out)

Acknowledgements in our public platforms
+ Digital version of a paper with the latest results of the excavation
+ Guided tour at the site next september, after the archaeological campaign of this year
+ CD with a special recording of the archaeological campaign
+ special T-shirt of the site
+ catalog of the exposition "La prehistòria de Garraf. Recull de 30 anys d'excavacions arqueològiques"
+ Guided tour for two people to the site during the excavation
+ visit to the laboratory where all the archaeological materials are being analysed
+Guided tour to the caves of Begues: can Sadurní cave, Salt cave, can Figueres cave

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